Architects fined £180k for CDM failings

Oxford Architects Partnership of Oxford was fined £120,000 and ordered to pay £60,000 costs after admitting breaching CDM regulations admitting it had flouted regulations 13 and 14, which require designers to take safety considerations into account.

The practice had been working on the Exchange conference centre in Bridgwater, Somerset, when Dan Cairns, an employee of subcontractor H&F Air Conditioning, fell to his death in January 2005.

The 64-year-old was working on the air conditioning plant which was a built on a platform accessed via a ladder at the edge of a flat roof. The roof only had a low parapet which was not high enough to prevent him from falling 9m to the ground.

Speaking after the hearing, the Health & Safety Executive’s inspector Sue Adsett, commented: “While it is rare for designers to be charged with breaching health and safety legislation, they must be aware they can be held responsible where bad design is an important contributory factor to a work-place fatality”.

“Designers must ensure that plant and equipment can be accessed safely and that safety harnesses are only used as a last resort.”


London-based Express Park Construction Company, which was the main contractor on the site, also pleaded guilty to safety breaches. The firm was fined £75,000 and ordered to pay costs of £68,000.  The CDM Coordinator was not found to be in breach of any regulation.

IOSH Register of Consultants

The new accreditation scheme for safety consultants will be officially announced in the next few weeks by the HSE, which will run it in the initial stages.

The scheme will be open initially to UK safety consultants only, so in-house health and safety managers, advisors and safety consultants based abroad will, initially, not be eligible to register.

Many of us in the safety profession have been calling for an accreditation scheme for some time and its development has been accelerated by the current government review into health and safety being undertaken by Lord Young of Graffham. Rest assured that your own consultant will progress towards registration on the scheme once details have been finalised.

The set-up of the scheme is based on the outcome of the feasibility study carried out earlier this year by IOSH and the CIEH, the lead institutions in the consortium of stakeholder groups in the scheme, which also includes RoSPA, the British Safety Council, the IIRSM, the BSIF and the British Occupational Hygiene Society. This consortium will eventually take over the running of the scheme via the establishment of a company limited by guarantee.

Commonly used abbreviations in health and safety and their meaning

Use the underlined links below to find areas of our site where related services can be offered.  If you have questions please call us on 01453 800100 to speak to an experienced safety consultant.

  1. These are common terms used by health and safety professionals and enforcement agencies such as the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and Health and Safety Commission (HSC)
  2. ACOP Approved Code of Practice
  3. ACM Asbestos Containing Materials
  4. BMA British Medical Association
  5. BOHS British Occupational Hygiene Society
  6. BSI British Standards Institute
  7. BTS British Toxicology Society
  8. C(WP) Construction (Work Place) Regulations
  9. CBI Confederation of British Industry
  10. CDG The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations, see also Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor
  11. CDM Construction (Design & Management) Regulations
  12. CDMC CDM Coordinator (see guidance section and construction safety consultancy section)
  13. CE The letters “CE” do not represent any specific words but the mark a declaration by the manufacturer, indicating that the product satisfies all relevant European Directives. Note, however, that the mark only applies to products that fall within the scope of European Directives.
  14. CFC Chlorofluorocarbons
  15. CFM Cubic Feet per Minute Amount of air flowing through a given space in one minute 1 CFM approximately equals 2 litres per second
  16. CHIP Chemical Hazards Information and Packaging
  17. CO Carbon Monoxide
  18. CO2 Carbon Dioxide
  19. COMAH Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations
  20. COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations
  21. COSHH RA COSHH Risk Assessment
  22. CPHSP Construction Phase Health & Safety Plan (CDM Regulations / CDM Coordinator)
  23. CNS Central Nervous System
  24. CRT Cathode Ray Tube
  25. CSSA Construction Site Safety Audit
  26. CTS Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  27. CVD Cardiovascular Disease
  28. dB Decibel, see also Noise Consultancy
  29. DDA Disability Discrimination Act
  30. DGSA Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor
  31. DSE Display Screen Equipment, see also Display Screen Equipment Risk Assessment
  32. EA Environmental Agency, see also Environmental Consultancy and ISO14000
  33. EAW Electricity at Work Regulations
  34. EHO Environmental Health Officer
  35. EMAS Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, see also Environmental Consultancy and ISO14000
  36. EMAS Employment Medical Advisory Service
  37. FA Factories Act
  38. FH(G) Food Hygiene (General) Regulations
  39. FLT Fork Lift Truck, see also Skills Training
  40. FPA Fire Precautions Act
  41. FPWR Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations, see also Fire Risk Assessment
  42. GMC General Medical Council
  43. GP General Practitioner
  44. H&S Health & Safety
  45. HASWA Health & Safety at Work Act
  46. HAZCHEM Hazardous Chemical Warning Signs
  47. HR Human Resources, see also Employerguard H&S and HR Support
  48. HSC Health & Safety Commission
  49. HSCON Health & Safety Consultant
  50. HSDSER Health & Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations
  51. HSE Health & Safety Executive
  52. HSP Health & Safety Policy
  53. IAQ Indoor Air Quality
  54. ICOH International Commission on Occupational Health
  55. IOD Institute of Directors
  56. IOSH Institution of Occupational Safety & Health
  57. LOLER Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations
  58. LPG Liquid Petroleum Gas
  59. MAPP Major Accident Prevention Policy
  60. MEL Maximum Exposure Limit, see also COSHH Risk Assessment
  61. mg.m3 Milligrams per cubic metre, see also COSHH Risk Assessment
  62. MHOR Manual Handling Operation Regulations
  63. MHSWR Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations
  64. MSD Musculoskeletal Disorder
  65. MSDS Material Data Safety Sheet, see also COSHH Risk Assessment
  66. NAWR Noise at Work Regulations
  67. NEBOSH National Examination Board of Occupational Safety and Health
  68. NHS National Health Service
  69. NIHL Noise Induced Hearing Loss
  70. OHAC Occupational Health Advisory Committee of The Health & Safety Commission
  71. OHSAS18001 BSI Standard for Occupational Health & Safety
  72. OSRPA Offices Shops & Railway Premises Act
  73. PAT Portable Appliance Test
  74. PPE Personal Protective Equipment
  75. PPEWR Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations
  76. ppb Parts Per Billion, see also COSHH Risk Assessment
  77. ppm Parts Per Million, see also COSHH Risk Assessment
  78. PUWER Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations
  79. QA/QC Quality Assurance/Quality Control
  80. RCD Residual Current Device
  81. RIDDOR Reporting of Injuries, Disease & Dangerous Occurrences Regulations
  82. RoSPA Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents
  83. RSA Regional Speciality Adviser
  84. RSA Royal Society of Arts (training accreditation)
  85. RSI Repetitive Strain Injury
  86. SBS Sick Building Syndrome, see also Indoor Air Quality
  87. SCon Safety Consultants, see also Health & Safety Consultant
  88. TUC Trades Union Congress
  89. Type 2 Survey Asbestos Survey defined under MDHS 100 (types 1 and 3 also defined), see Asbestos Surveys
  90. VDU Visual Display Unit
  91. WEL Workplace Exposure Limit (COSHH Risk Assessment)
  92. WHO World Health Organisation
  93. WHSWR Workplace (Health Safety & Welfare) Regulations
  94. WRULD Work Related Upper Limb Disorder

Hidden risks within your business – Occupational Health

Most of us would like to feel that we have identified and managed the risks within our business but we often have nagging doubts about having assessed everything.  Most businesses start at the most obvious and work their way down, falls from height, being hit by vehicles, fire and so on.  Once these have been addressed we may well move onto areas in which we feel we have a little less competence, ergonomics and electricity.  Often the last area to receive the attention it deserves is COSHH as many staff feel that a trip back to the chemistry class to learn more about these types of risks is not the most appetising way to spend an afternoon or two!

However, I’m sure that you’re aware that it’s certainly an area which needs attention and one which isn’t as bad as you may have feared once you get hold of the right information (usually supplemented by a helping hand from someone who has been there before).  You may now feel that you’ve started to get on top of these risks but there is an area which continues to befuddle an awful lot of businesses and that’s the area of health surveillance.

Recent research has shown that despite the fall in fatalities and other statistics over the past year to a record low of 151  we are experiencing a rise in occupational health illnesses, take a look at the statistics;

  • Occupational cancers: 15,000 deaths per year
  • Work related lung conditions: 4,000 deaths per year

There is still a tendency to view occupational diseases and illness as being a thing of the past, mainly related to industries such as mining and heavy engineering. The reality is very different. Despite huge advancements in technology and changes in the labour market the editor of International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health has claimed ‘never in history has there been so much occupational disease as exists in the world today’.

So the next question is; what can be done to manage these risks.  Thankfully the answer is often quite simple and you should look at all of some of the following;

  • Hearing tests (audiometry) for workers exposed to high levels of noise (we can provide this service if required)
  • Health surveillance using questionnaires (we can provide these under your Safety~net membership to cover the potential for skin disorders and respiratory problems)
  • Lung function tests for workers using respiratory sensitisers / irritants or exposed to high levels of dusts or similar

Whilst on this subject you should also review your provision of protective equipment and take another look to make sure that it is being used consistently and effectively; check gloves for holes in fingertips by blowing them up and checking for leaks and check masks for fit using fit test equipment and simple observational tests such as looking for signs of dust ingress on the sides of the nose and mouth.

Remember; Issuing our health questionnaires is free, quick and easy.  Just call us to receive a copy and you’ll already be on the way to addressing this risk.

Fire Safety: Government fails to keep its house in order

You may well have read of the recent embarrassment for the government when the very office which is responsible for fire safety failed its own inspection.  The Communities and Local Government building, Eland House, was served with an enforcement notice for a string of failings which were summarised as a lack of understanding of the terms ‘competence’ and ‘responsible persons’ when it came to fire safety in its premises. This came after the 2009 fire at the Fire Service College in Gloucestershire resulting in over £1 million of damage where no fire risk assessment had been completed.

To cap this, the latest news is that another four premises have also failed their inspections with more failures expected to follow suit.  This is four years after the introduction of the Fire Safety Reform Order and begs the question does the government takes its own regulations seriously.  A source of malcontent amongst those of us working outside the public sector is the immunity given to all crown premises and all crown employees when the fines imposed for the private sector can be alarmingly high.  You only need to go back a few months to see the case against retail giant New Look ending with an eye watering £400,000 (reported in our December News Release).

Perhaps it’s time for the public servants to enjoy the same level of accountability as the rest of us, when the bodies responsible for the enforcement of the regulations fail to put their own house in order something needs and to done and as the old adage says “there is no change in behaviour without consequence”.

British Standards relating to health and safety

Summary of common British Standards used in Health and Safety


  • BS EN 397: Specification for industrial safety helmets.
  • BS EN 812: Specification for industrial bump caps.


  • BS EN 166: Specification for personal eye protection.
  • BS EN 169: Specification for filters used in eye protection for welding etc (braze-welding, arc gouging and plasma jet cutting)
  • BS EN 170: Specification for Ultra Violet filters.
  • BS EN 171: Specification for infrared filters.
  • BS EN 172: Specification for sun-glare filters.
  • prEN 175: Equipment for eye & face protection during welding/allied processes.
  • BS EN 207: Specification for laser radiation filters.
  • BS EN 379: Specification for filters (switchable or dual luminous) used in welding etc.
  • prEN 1731: Mesh type eye/face protectors against mechanical hazards & heat.


  • BS EN 352-1: Specification for earmuffs.
  • BS EN 352-2: Specification for earplugs.
  • prEN 352-3: Specification for earmuffs attached to safety helmets.
  • prEN 352-4: Specification for level-dependent earmuffs.
  • BS EN 458: Selection, use, care & maintenance of hearing protectors.


  • BS EN 136: Full face masks.
  • BS EN 137: Self-contained open-circuit compressed air.
  • BS EN 138: Fresh air hose & mask/mouthpiece.
  • BS EN 139: Compressed air line & mask/mouthpiece.
  • BS EN 140: Half masks & quarter masks.
  • BS EN 141: Gas filters & combined filters.
  • BS EN 143: Particle filters.
  • BS EN 145: Self-contained closed-circuit breathing.
  • BS EN 146: Powered particle filtering devices (including hoods or helmets).
  • BS EN 147: Powered particle filtering devices (including masks).
  • BS EN 149: Filtering half-masks against particles.
  • BS EN 270: Compressed air line & hood.
  • BS EN 271: Compressed air line or powered air hose & hood (abrasive blasting).
  • BS EN 371: AX gas filters (against low boiling organic compounds).
  • BS EN 372: SX gas & combined filters (against specific compounds).


  • BS EN 374: Protective gloves against chemicals/ microorganisms.
  • prEN 381-7: Protective gloves for chainsaws.
  • BS EN 388: Protective gloves against mechanical risks (abrasion, cutting, etc).
  • BS EN 407: Protective gloves against thermal risk (heat &/or fire).
  • BS EN 420: General requirements for gloves.
  • BS EN 421: Protective gloves against ionising radiation/radioactive contamination.
  • BS EN 511: Protective gloves against cold.
  • BS EN 659: Protective gloves for fire fighters.
  • prEN 1082: Protective gloves against cuts by hand knives.
  • prEN 12477: Protective gloves for welders.


  • BS ENV 342:Protection against cold (more than -5°C).
  • BS ENV 343: Protection against foul weather.
  • BS EN 381: Protection for users of hand-held chainsaws.
  • BS EN 412: Protection aprons against hand knives.
  • BS EN 471: Protection against low-visibility hazards.
  • BS EN 510: Protection against entanglement in moving parts.
  • BS EN 1073-1: Protection against radioactive contamination.
  • BS EN 1149-1: Protection against electrostatic discharge to avoid incendiary.


  • BS EN 469:Protection for fire fighters.
  • BS EN 470-1: Protection clothing for use in welding, grinding and cutting.
  • BS EN 531: Protection clothing for industrial workers exposed to heat (includes molten metal splash in foundries –
  • levels D (Alum) & E (Iron).
  • BS EN 533: Protection against limited flame spread – limited materials.
  • BS EN 1486: Fire-fighting specialised clothing.


  • BS EN 465: Liquid chemicals (spray-tight) Type 4 equipment.
  • BS EN 466: Liquid chemicals (liquid-tight) Type 3 equipment.
  • BS EN 467: Liquid chemicals (partial body e.g.. Apron, sleeves & hoods).
  • prEN 943-1: Liquid and gaseous chemicals Type 1 (gas-tight) + Type 2 (non gas-tight).
  • prEN 1511: Liquid chemicals for limited life/use (liquid-tight) Type 3 equipment.
  • prEN 1512: Liquid chemicals for limited life/use (spray-tight) Type 4 equipment.
  • prEN 1513: Liquid chemicals for limited life/use (partial body).
  • prEN 13034: Liquid chemicals for limited performance/re-usable Type 6.
  • prEN 13982-2: Partial-tight limited life/re-usable Type 5.


  • BS EN 344-1:Requirements & tests methods for safety footwear.
  • BS EN 344-2: Additional requirements for protection against water, cut resistance & metatarsal protection
  • BS EN 345-1: Additional requirements for protection against IMPACT at 200J.
  • BS EN 345-2: Additional requirements for protection against water, cut resistance & metatarsal protection.
  • BS EN 346-1: Additional requirements for protection against IMPACT at 100J.
  • BS EN 346-2: Additional requirements for protection against water, cut resistance & metatarsal protection.
  • BS EN 347-1: Occupational footwear without safety toecaps.
  • BS EN 347-2: Additional requirements for protection against water.
  • BS EN 381: Protection against hand-held chain saws
  • prEN 13287: Slip resistance specifications.

Full Listing

Access equipment BS 6037
Acoustic measurement/machine tools BS 4813
Agricultural machinery: combine and forage harvesters BS EN 632
Agricultural machinery: silage cutters BS EN 703
Airborne noise emission
– earth-moving machinery BS 6812
– hydraulic transmission systems BS 5944
– portable chain saws BS 6916
Ambient air: determination of asbestos fibres – direct-transfer transmission electron microscopy method BS ISO 10312
– industrial safety harnesses BS EN 795
– self-locking, industrial BS EN 353, 355, 360, 362, 365
Arc welding equipment BS 638
Artificial daylight lamps
– colour assessment BS 950
– for sensitometry BS 1380
Artificial lighting BS 8206
Barriers, in and about buildings BS 6180
– fire extinguishing systems BS 5306
– fire extinguishers BS 6535
Carbon steel welded horizontal
– cylindrical storage tanks BS 2594
Carpet cleaners, electric, industrial use BS 5415
Cellulose fibres BS 1771
Chain lever hoists BS 4898
Chain pulley blocks, hand-operated BS 3243
Chain slings
– alloy steel BS 3458
– high tensile steel BS 2902
– steel use and maintenance BS 6968
– welded BS 6304
– adjustable office furniture BS 5459
– office furniture, design/dimensions BS 5940
– office furniture, ergonomic design BS 3044
Chemical protective clothing
– against gases and vapours pr EN 464
– liquid chemicals pr EN 463, 465, 466, 467, 468
Circular saws
– hand-held electric BS 2769
– safeguarding BS 6854
– woodworking BS 411
Cleaning and surface repair of buildings BS 6270
Closed circuit escape breathing apparatus BS 4667
Clothing for protection against intense heat BS EN 366, 367
Concrete cladding BS 8297
Construction equipment
– hoists BS 7212
– suspended safety chairs, cradles BS 2830
Control of noise (construction and open sites) BS 5228
Cranes, safe use BS 5744, 7121
Disabled people, means of escape BS 5588
Drill Rigs BS EN 791
– high efficiency respirators BS 7355, BS EN 143
– particulate emission BS 3405
– particulate emission, high accuracy BS 893
Ear protectors, sound attenuation measurement BS EN 24689–1
– audiometry, calibration, acoustic couplers BS 4668
– audiometry, calibration ears BS 4669
Earthing BS 7430
Earth moving equipment BS 6912
Electrical equipment
– explosive atmospheres BS 4683, 5501, 5345, 6941
– fire hazard testing BS 6458
– guidance to wiring regulations BS 7671
– impedance measurement BS 6161
Electrical resistance materials
– bare fine resistance wires BS 1117
– conductor sizes, low-voltage industrial switchgear and controlgear BS EN 60947–1
– double electrical insulation BS 2754
– earth-leakage circuit-breakers
— AC voltage operated BS 842
— current-operated BS 4293
— portable RCDs BS 7071
– electric shock protection, construction of electrical equipment BS 2754
– enclosures for high-voltage cable terminations, transformers and reactors BS 6435
– fans, industrial BS 848
– industrial electric plugs BS 4343
– industrial machines BS 2771
– marking for low-voltage industrial switchgear/controlgear BS 6272
– metallic BS 115
– resistivity measurement BS 5714
– static electricity BS 5958
– switchgear BS 5486–1, 5227, 7354
– test for resistance per unit length BS 3466
Emergency exits BS 5725
Emergency lighting BS 5266
Environmental management systems BS 7750
Ergonomics of the thermal environment BS ISO 9920
Ergonomic requirements for office work with VDUs BS EN 29241
Eye protection
– equipment for eye, face and neck protection against non-ionising radiation during welding operations BS 1542
– glossary of terms BS EN 165
– specification for sunglaze filters used in personal eye protectors for industrial use BS EN 172
Eye protectors BS EN 166, 167, 168
Fabrics, curtains and drapes BS 5867
Falling-object protective structures BS 6912–7
Falsework, code of practice BS 5975
Filters – specification for infra-red filters used in personal eye protection equipment BS EN 171
– specification for personal eye protection equipment in welding BS EN 169
– specification for ultra-violet filters used in personal eye protection equipment BS EN 170
Fire blankets BS 6575
Fire classification BS EN 2
Fire detection/alarm systems BS 5839
Fire detection/alarm systems – design, installation and servicing of integrated systems BS 7807
Fire door assemblies BS 8214
Fire extinguishers
– disposable aerosol type BS 6165
– media BS 6535
– on premises BS 5306
– portable BS EN 3, BS 7863
– portable, recharging BS 6643
Fire hose reels (water) BS EN 671–1
Fire point determination, petroleum products
– Cleveland open cup method BS EN 22592
– Pensky-Martens apparatus method BS 2000(35)
Fire precautions in design/construction of buildings BS 5588
Fire protection measures, code of practice for operation BS 7273
Fire safety signs BS 5499
Fire terms BS 4422 Pt 4
Fire tests BS 476
Fire tests for furniture BS 5852
Firefighters gloves pr EN 659
First-aid reel/hoses BS 3169
Flameproof industrial clothing BS EN 469, 531
Flammability testing and performance BS 6249
Flammable liquids BS 476
– footwear with midsole protection BS EN 347
– general and industrialised lined or unlined boots BS 6159 Pt 1
– lined industrialised vulcanised rubber boots BS 5145
– lined rubber safety boots BS EN 345, 346
– methods of test for safety BS EN 344
– other than all rubber and plastic moulded compounds BS EN 345, 346
– polyvinyl chloride boots BS 6159
– protective clothing for users of hand-held chain saws pr EN 381
PVC moulded safety footwear BS EN 345, 346
– requirements/test methods for safety protective and occupational footwear for professional use pr EN 344
– specification for safety footwear for professional use pr EN 347
– women’s protective footwear BS EN 346
Freight containers BS 3951
Gaiters and footwear for protection against burns and impact risks in foundries BS 4676
Gas detector tubes BS 5343
Gas fired hot water boilers BS 6798
Gas welding equipment BS EN 731
Glazing BS 6262
Gloves: medical gloves for single use BS EN 455
Gloves: rubber gloves for electrical purposes BS 697
Goggles, industrial/non-industrial use BS EN 166, 167, 168
Grinding machines
– hand-held electric BS 2769
– pneumatic, portable BS 4390
– spindle noses BS 1089
Head protection — fire fighters BS 3864
Headforms for use in testing protective helmets BS EN 960
Hearing protectors BS EN 352
– Part 1 Ear Muffs
– Part 2 Ear Plugs
High visibility warning clothing pr EN 471
Hoisting slings BS 6166
– alloy steel, chain BS 3458
– chain, welded BS 6304
– high tensile, steel chain BS 2902
– textile BS 6668
– wire rope BS 1290
– construction, safe use BS 7212
– electric, passenger/materials BS 4465
– working platforms BS 7171
Hose reels with semi-rigid hose BS EN 671-1
Hose systems with lay-flat hose cloth for fixed fire fighting systems BS EN 671-2
Hot environments
– estimation of heat stress on the working man BS EN 27243
Household and similar electrical appliances BS EN 60335
Industrial gloves BS EN 374, 388, 407, 420
Industrial safety helmets, firemen’s BS 3864
Industrial trucks
– hand-operated stillage trucks, dimensions BS 4337
– pallet trucks, dimensions BS ISO 509
– pedals, construction/layout BS 7178
Insulating material BS 7737, BS 7831, BS 5626, BS EN 26874, BS EN 60383-2, BS 7822, BS 2844, BS 5691
Ionising radiation
– exposure rate calculation BS 4094
– units of measurement BS 5775
Jib cranes
– high pedestal and portal BS 2452
– power-driven, mobile BS 1757
– code of practice BS 5395
– permanent for chimneys, high structures BS 4211
– portable aluminium BS 2037
– portable timber BS 1129
Lamps, artificial daylight, for colour assessment BS 950
Life jackets BS 394, 396
Lifting chains
– alloy, steel BS 3113
– high tensile steel BS 1663
– safe working on lifts BS 7255
Lighting systems: automatic change-over contractors for emergency lighting BS 764
Machine guards
– chain saws BS 6916
– conveyors and elevators BS 5667
– earth-moving equipment BS EN ISO 3457
– woodworking machines BS 6854
Machine tools
– emergency stop equipment, functional aspects BS EN 418
– noise measurement methods BS 4813
– safeguarding BS 5304 Machinery, safety of – drafting and presentation BS EN 414
– ergonomic design principles BS EN 614-1
– hazardous substances emitted by machines BS EN 626
– indication, marking and actuation requirements for visual, auditory and tactile signals BS EN 61310-1
– requirements for marking BS EN 61310-2
– minimum gaps to avoid crushing parts of body BS EN 349
– principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers BS EN 626-1
Machines, vibration BS 4675
Materials handling
– conveyor belts BS 5767
– freight containers BS 3951
Mobile cranes BS 1757
Mobile road construction machinery BS EN 500
Mortising machines, single chain BS 4361
Natural fibre ropes BS EN 698, 701, 1261
– cords, lines, twines BS 6125
Nets, safety BS 3913
– code of practice for use of safety nets, containment nets and sheets on construction sites BS 8093
– airborne, chain saws BS 6916
– airborne, earth-moving equipment BS 6812
– airborne, hydraulic transmission systems BS 5944
– effects on hearing handicap BS 5330
– industrial noise, method for rating BS 4142
– industrial premises, measurement BS 4142
– machine tools, measurement methods BS 4813
– sound exposure meters BS EN 61252
Noise induced hearing loss
– effects of noise exposure BS 5330
– pure tone air conduction threshold audiometry BS 6655
Occupational safety and health management systems BS 8800
Office buildings, fire precautions BS 5588
Office furniture, design/dimensions BS 5940
Office machines
– electrically energised, safety BS EN 60950, BS 7002
– keyboards, control keys BS ISO/IEC 9995 (1–8)
– noise measurement BS 7135
Oil burning equipment BS 799
Oil firing BS 5410
Open bar gratings – specification BS 4592 – Part I
Overhead travelling cranes – power-driven BS 466
– safe use BS 5744
– pictorial marking for handling of goods BS EN 20780
Particulate air pollutants
– in effluent gases, measurement BS 3405
– in effluent gases, measurement, high accuracy BS 893
Passenger hoists
– electric, building sites BS 4465
– vehicular BS 6109
– working platforms, mobile, elevating BS 7171
Patent glazing BS 5516
Pedestrian guardrails (metal) BS 7818
Performance of windows BS 6375
Personal eye protection
– filters for welding and related techniques BS EN 169
– infrared filters BS EN 171
– non-optical test methods pr EN 168
– optical test methods pr EN 167
– specifications pr EN 166
– ultraviolet filters BS EN 170
– vocabulary pr EN 165
Pipelines, identification marking BS 1710, 4800
Pneumatic tools
– portable grinding machines BS 4390
Portable fire extinguishers BS EN 3, BS 7863
Portable tools
– electric, radio interference limits and measurements BS EN 55014
– pneumatic grinding machines BS 4390
Powder fire extinguishers
– disposable, aerosol type BS 6165
– extinguishing powders for BS EN 615
– on premises BS 5306
– portable, recharging BS 6643
Power take-off
– agricultural tractors, front-mounted BS 6818
– agricultural tractors, rear-mounted BS 5861
Powered industrial trucks
– controls, symbols BS 5829
– high-lift rider trucks, overhead guards BS 5933
Pressure vessels BS 5500
Process control – safety of analyser houses BS EN 61285
Protective barriers BS 6180
Protective cabs
– controls for external equipment BS 5731
Protective clothing
– against cold weather pr EN 342
– against foul weather pr EN 343
– against heat and fire BS EN 366
– against heat and flame BS EN 702
– against heat and flame – test method for limited flame spread BS EN 532
– against molten metal splash BS EN 373
– against risk of being caught up in moving parts BS EN 510
– eye, face and neck protection, welding BS 1542
– flameproof BS EN 469, 531
– for firefighters BS EN 469
– for industrial workers exposed to heat BS EN 531
– for use where there is risk of entanglement BS EN 510
– for users of hand-held chain saws BS EN 381
– for welders BS EN 470
– for workers exposed to heat BS EN 531
– gaiters for foundries BS 4676
– general requirements BS EN 340
– mechanical properties BS EN 863
– protection against heat and fire BS EN 366
– protection against intense heat BS EN 366, 367
– protection against liquid chemicals BS EN 369, 466, 467
– welding BS EN 470–1
Protective equipment
– against falls from a height BS EN 341
– against falls from a height – guided fall type arresters BS EN 353
Protective footwear
– antistatic rubber BS 5145, 7193
– firemen’s leather boots BS 2723
– for foundries BS 4676
– lined industrialised rubber boots BS 5145
– polyvinyl chloride boots BS 6159
– women’s BS EN 346
Protective gloves
– against chemicals and micro-organisms BS EN 374
– against cold BS EN 511
– against ionising radiation BS EN 421
– against mechanical risks BS EN 388
– against thermal hazards BS EN 407
– for users of hand-held chain saws BS EN 381
– general requirements BS EN 420
– mechanical test methods BS EN 388
Protective helmets BS EN 397
Quality control BS 5750
Radiation measures
– detectors, nuclear reactors BS 5548
– electroscope, exposure meters BS 3385
– film badges BS 3664
– neutron detectors BS 5552
– personal photographic dosimeters BS 6090
Radiation protection
– area radiation monitors, X-ray and gamma radiation BS 5566
Refrigeration systems BS 4434
Resistance to ignition of upholstered furniture
– for non-domestic seating BS 7176
– full masks for respiratory protective devices BS 7355
– half and quarter face masks for respiratory protective devices BS 7356
– high-efficiency dust respirators BS 7355, BS EN 143
– positive pressure dust hoods and blouses BS EN 143, 146
– positive pressure dust respirators BS 7355, BS EN 143, 147
Respiratory protective devices BS EN 138, 139, 269, 270, 271
Roll-over protective structures
– industrial trucks, stacking with masted tilt forward BS 5778
– pallet stackers/high lift platform trucks BS 5777
– reach and straddle fork trucks BS 4436
Rope pulley blocks
– gin blocks BS 1692
– synthetic fibre BS 4344
– wire, heavy duty BS 4536
Rope slings
– fibre rope slings BS 6668
– wire rope slings BS 1290, 6210
Rubber/plastics injection moulding machines BS 6679
Safety anchorages
– industrial safety harnesses BS EN 795
Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by upper limbs BS EN 294
Safety harnesses
– industrial BS EN 354, 355, 358, 361–365
– industrial, manually operated positioning devices BS 6858
Safety helmets BS EN 397
Sampling methods
– airborne radioactive materials BS 5243
– particulate emissions BS 3405
Scaffolds, code of practice BS 5973, 5974
Scalp protectors BS 4033
Shaft construction and descent BS 8008
Sound insulation in buildings BS EN ISO 140
– lightweight portable timber BS 1129
– portable aluminium alloy BS 2037
Stairs, ladders, walkways BS 5395
Steam boilers
– electric boilers BS 1894
– safety valves for BS 6759
– welded steel low pressure boilers BS 855
Step ladders
– portable aluminium alloy BS 2037
– portable timber BS 1129
Storage tanks
– carbon steel welded horizontal cylindrical BS 2594
– vertical steel welded non-refrigerated butt-welded shells BS 2654
Suspended access equipment, permanently installed BS 6037
Suspended safety chairs BS 2830
Suspended scaffolds, temporarily installed BS 5974
Tables, office furniture, ergonomic design BS 3044
Textile floor coverings BS 5287
Textile machinery, safety requirements BS EN ISO 11111
Transportable gas containers
– acetylene containers BS 6071
– periodic inspection, testing and maintenance BS 5430
– welded steel tanks for road transport of liquefiable gases BS 7122
Travelling cranes, power-driven jib BS 357, 5744
Vertical steel welded non-refrigerated storage tanks, manufacture of BS 2654
Vibration measurement
– chain saws BS 6916
– rotating shafts BS ISO 7919–1
Visual display terminals, ergonomics and design BS 7179
Water absorption and translucency of china or porcelain BS 5416
Water services, installation, testing and maintenance BS 6700
Welders, protective clothing BS EN 470–1
Window cleaning BS 8213
Windows, performance of BS 6375
Woodworking machines BS 6854
Woodworking noise BS 7140
Wool and wool blends BS 1771
Working platforms
– mobile, elevating BS 7171
– permanent, suspended access BS 6037
Workplace atmospheres
– performance of procedures for measurement of chemical agents BS EN 482
– size definitions for measurement of airborne particulates BS EN 481
Workwear and career wear BS 5426

38m CDM Coordinator role for C&G in Chepstow

C&G Safety & Environmental has been contracted by engineering firm Mabey Bridge to act as CDM Co-ordinator under the Construction (Design and Management Regulations) for the development of a new manufacturing facility at its Chepstow base.   The project will make the £70m firm the UK’s biggest manufacturer of towers for wind turbines. The £38m investment will double the size of the 13,140 square metre plant to enable it to fabricate monopiles and wind turbine towers up to 5m in diameter and 40m in length for onshore and offshore applications. 240 new jobs will be created.

The appointment of a CDM Co-ordinator is a legal requirement for larger engineering and construction projects. The co-ordinator provides specialist advice on health & safety and risk management, ensures competent firms are appointed to do the work and sees that the requirements of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 are met. John Oldmeadow of C&G Safety & Environmental is taking the lead role on this one and we will also be completing a series of site visits, attending meetings to advise the client on key safety issues and assist them in assessming the safety performance of contractors. an on-line system helps you stay on top of health & safety

C&G Safety & Environmental has introduced Safety 247, an on-line service for companies who are struggling to manage complex health & safety requirements. It allows companies to put all their training needs, statutory tests, checks and inspections, documents and other details on a web database which will automatically remind them when they need to take action.

The system collects all the necessary data through audits and inspections and keeps it up to date.   A training matrix is prepared with the various course types and due dates entered.  The client is alerted by email whenever a test or inspection needs to be arranged, documents need to be updated or someone’s training is due for a refresher.   The user can see an audit report summary which shows all sites and outstanding issues, inspection dates, copies of reports and so on.  Sub-contractor assessments and approvals can also be monitored.  All safety documents are stored on line for ready access.

“Many of our clients are finding it a major headache to keep on top of the increasing body of safety legislation” says Roger Hart of C&G Safety & Environmental.  “Safety 247 looks after it all.  It also allows clients to present a more professional image to clients, and to keep costs down.”  More information at

Facilities Management specialist turns to C&G for assistance on NHS Trust contract

C&G Safety & Environmental has been called in to help ensure the safe management of contractors at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital and Hull Women and Childrens Hospital.

Facilities management specialist HSG Zander, a European leader in FM, brought us in to help bring in systems for managing contractors at the hospital, update their health and safety documentation, produce new risk assessment and generally upgrade their existing safety management system.  C&G has carried out a risk assessment and developed safety policies for managing areas ranging from lift installation and servicing to medical gas supply and energy supply.  We have also developed a Permit to Work policy covering relevant areas of risk such as working in confined spaces, working at height and hot work.

Reported to the HSE by your insurer

Most of us use the services of an insurance company not just for our insurance needs but also to carry out thorough inspections, tests and examinations of the plant, equipment and machinery which we have within the business, typically forklift trucks.

In a situation such as this imagine that the insurance inspector identifies that one of the trucks has a serious defect with its lifting chains making it unsafe to use. The inspector contacted you and advised that it needed to be taken out of service immediately pending corrective work.

A few days after the visit by the insurance assessor, you are then contacted by your local HSE office. They had been told of the faults with the forklift truck and wanted to know what was being done about it.

Why did the insurer reported this?

Regulation 10 of the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations states that the competent person completing the statutory inspection must do the following:

“Where there is in his opinion a defect in the lifting equipment involving an existing or imminent risk of serious personal injury, send a copy of the report as soon as is practicable to the relevant enforcing authority.”

Technically, the competent person completing the inspection should always tell you that they need to report the defects to the HSE but this doesn’t always happen. So we would suggest that if you are informed that any item of equipment or plant has a serious defect, ask whether it’s serious enough to be reported to the HSE or other any other authority.

Whilst its true that you can’t stop the report from being made, you can take steps to demonstrate that the truck was taken out of service immediately, that you have commissioned a company to complete the works required, and systems have been put into place to help prevent this happening again.


Your plant, equipment and machinery should be under a regime of regular maintenance to make sure that they can’t get into a condition whereby a serious defect report would need to be made in the first place.  Review your recent reports and if you find that serious reports have been brought up before then re-examine your current maintenance arrangements.